Here’s What You Need to Know if You’re Considering a VA Loan

If you’re a veteran or an active-duty member of the military, the
idea of owning a home one day might give you warm, fuzzy feelings.
Or maybe it’s just the idea of not having to move again.

When that day comes, you’ll find yourself researching
mortgages, and you may go straight for the Veterans Affairs (VA)
home loan.

VA home loans look attractive: They come with lower interest
rates, lower closing costs and no private mortgage insurance (PMI),
plus you can put 0% down.

But before you jump right into signing papers, it’s worth
taking a closer look to find out if a VA loan is your best

What Makes a VA Home Loan Different?

A VA home loan is a type of mortgage that helps service members,
veterans and eligible surviving spouses become homeowners. You
can’t use a VA loan on an income property or a second home; these
loans can only be used for your primary residence.

VA loans are provided by private lenders — banks, mortgage
companies, etc. —  and usually backed by the government for up
25% of the loan
if the homeowner defaults.

Because 25% of the loan is guaranteed by the government, banks
can lower eligibility requirements and don’t require you to pay
private mortgage insurance.

That means veterans with lower credit scores are frequently
approved for more mortgage than they would be otherwise.

“[VA loan] lenders tend to approve a higher
mortgage-payment-to-income ratio and a higher total-debt-to-income
ratio,” said Doug Nordman of The Military Guide.

But perhaps the most appealing feature of a VA loan is that you
can put 0% down.

This might look like a deal, especially on a private’s housing
allowance, but you’ll pay for it in other ways.

The Hidden Expenses of VA Loans

Before we compare VA loans with other options, let’s look at

interest rates vs. APRs
, or
annual percentage rates
. The interest rate is the amount
you’ll pay each year to borrow money. The APR includes not just
the interest rate, but also charges and fees from the mortgage

VA loans have lower interest rates than conventional loans, but
their APRs are higher.

At the time of this writing, one lender was offering a 30-year
fixed conventional loan at a 4.62% interest rate with 4.69% APR,
and a 30-year fixed VA loan at a 4.5% interest rate with 4.8%

That’s because the VA loan has a funding fee. Instead of
paying a set monthly charge for private mortgage insurance (PMI) to
the bank, veterans pay a funding fee to the VA that is added at the
beginning of the loan and compounds monthly.

The funding fee for regular military is 2.15% when you put 0%
down, though it can be lowered by putting a down payment of
or more
on the house.

For those in the reserves or National Guard, the funding fee is
even higher at 2.4%.

It’s easy to look at the numbers with rose-colored glasses
because you can afford the monthly payment. But it’s important to
look at the big picture when taking on a loan of that size.

When you look at the breakdown of your mortgage, the funding fee
will look lower than a PMI payment, but you can get rid of PMI when
you reach 20% equity in your home. Unless you pay your funding fee
upfront, it stays with you forever.

To put it in perspective: A $200,000 home with $0 down will have
a funding fee of $4,300.
That $4,300 gets put on the principal, which means you’ll be
paying interest on it for 30 years. Even if you refinance, that
$4,300 stays there.

Who Is a VA Loan Good For?

The funding fee doesn’t mean the VA loan is bad — it has
lots of features that make it a good choice for many service
members and veterans. Interest rates are lower, appraisals are more
affordable, origination fees are capped at 1%, and you can qualify
at a lower credit score.

But it’s even better if you can get the funding fee

Those eligible for a waiver are:

  • Veterans who receive VA compensation for a service-connected
  • Veterans who would be entitled to receive compensation for a
    service-connected disability but are receiving retirement or
    active-duty pay.
  • Surviving spouses of a veteran who died in service or from a
    service-connected disability.

Over 4 million veterans receive VA
disability compensation
, so a waiver is actually an option for
a lot of Americans.

The bottom line: Don’t rush a decision as big as home

“Research indicates that
nearly half
of all veterans move yet again within two years of
leaving the military, because their bridge
doesn’t work out,” Nordman said. “They end up
putting that ‘forever home’ right back on the market, or —
even worse — becoming reluctant long-distance landlords.”

Waiting until you’re location-stable will give you time to
build your credit and qualify for the best home loan available.

Jen Smith is a staff writer at The Penny Hoarder. She gives
money saving and debt payoff tips on Instagram at

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Here’s What You Need to Know if You’re Considering a VA Loan