LONDON: Qatar’s decision to exit OPEC next month is unlikely
to have a significant impact on the oil group’s structure or on
short-term oil prices, according to analysts.
The Gulf country announced on Monday it would leave OPEC from Jan.
1 2019. It plans to attend the next meeting of the group due to
take place in Vienna on Dec. 6.
The move is viewed as “symbolic” and reflects deepening
regional divisions, market commentators said. Qatar has been under
a trade embargo imposed by a Saudi Arabia-led group of Arab states
since last June, following accusations that the country was fueling
regional instability and funding terrorism.
“Qatar’s decision to exit OPEC will have no major impact on the
cartel’s decision-making process, oil output or oil prices in the
short term,” said Abhishek Kumar, senior energy analyst at
Interfax Energy in London.
“Qatar is one of OPEC’s smallest oil producers, and its
upstream strategy has revolved around natural gas production,” he
Qatar produces around 600,000 barrels of crude oil per day
compared with the near 10 million barrels a day produced by Saudi
Arabia, according to data from 2017. Qatar is the 11th-largest
producer out of 15 members in OPEC and accounts for less than 2
percent of the oil group’s output.
“The move is highly symbolic — Qatar has been a member of OPEC
since 1961. But we doubt that it will have a major bearing on
global energy markets,” read a note from Jason Tuvey, senior
emerging markets economist at Capital Economics on Monday.
Rejecting suggestions the decision was politically motivated,
Qatar’s energy ministry said on Monday that it wanted to focus
more on gas production.
“In the next few months we will be announcing several major
projects. Our goal in this strategy was to remain focused on our
core business and activities to enhance Qatar’s international
standing as the world’s leading natural gas producer,” the
Analysts said that the departure could have implications for
regional politics. “Although Qatar has dismissed suggestions that
its exit from OPEC was driven by geopolitics, the move could deepen
tensions in the Middle East,” said Kumar.
“Qatar leaving OPEC can be seen as Saudis consolidating their
influence within the cartel. Meanwhile, Iran’s economy is set to
face further headwinds because of sanctions imposed by the US,
which has the potential to ratchet up tensions in the Middle
East,” he said.
Ehsan Khoman, head of MENA research and strategy at MUFG, based in
Dubai, questioned the timing of the exit and suggested Qatar might
look to increase oil production just as the oil cartel is due to
“More importantly is the timing of Qatar’s withdrawal — just
three days before OPEC meets in Vienna to finalize the production
cuts. This suggests that Qatar may have an agenda to raise
production while others in OPEC are curbing production, although
Qatar’s oil output has been steady in recent years with limited
prospects of increases — given maturing fields,” he said in a
OPEC is due to announce cuts to oil production this week in Vienna
in an effort to stabilize the market and counter a potential glut
in supply. This could push up Brent oil prices to the mid-$60 per
barrel level, Khoman said.
Qatar’s economy has been fairly resilient in the face of the
embargo, said analysts. “The economy has defied the expectations
of some analysts that the blockade would lead to recession,” said
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Source: FS – All-News-Economy
Qatar’s exit from OPEC will have ‘no major impact’ on oil prices